One Child Policy 2.0: outlining the implications for marketers

Adidas: targeting Chinese market
Adidas: targeting Chinese market

Jerry Clode, a consultant at brand specialist Added Value, considers the impact of a second generation of only children in China for brands looking to expand in the region.

The one-child policy in China has now grown up, creating a new generation where only children are having only children – One Child Policy 2.0.

Initiated in 1979, and fully implemented in the early 80s, the one child policy limited most families to one child, creating a historically unique social experiment that had an enormous impact on Chinese society.  For brands focussed on the emerging opportunities of China, capturing the effect of the one-child policy as it goes inter-generational is a key to success in the Middle Kingdom.

As a result of the One Child Policy, we now see girls who have grown up as boys, mums who do not want to be mums, and men faced with a dating scene lacking enough women. Prodigal sons have given way to prodigal daughters.  Daughters raised as sons, who enjoyed the same access to resources and education, have become women who do not accept traditional patriarchal norms of Chinese society.

This dynamic created by a new generation of "only children" offers interesting challenges and opportunities for brands.

In major cities like Shanghai, they can be seen challenging gender norms through their fashion and style choices – making the "toy boy, androgenous" look a popular statement for these women.  In terms of brands, they baulk at anything that suggests men are superior, and rejoice in office heroines who make men around them look stupid.

Adidas Originals has celebrated the spirit of the "toyboyism" in a new online campaign featuring female punk singer Kang Mao and a female tattoo artist – both boldy attacking gender stereotypes.

Another notable impact of the children of the one-child generation is the emergence of the "boutique mum". Used to being spoilt as children, young women in China find it very confronting to summon up the selflessness needed be mothers.  

To the rescue are four doting grandparents who are more than happy to step-in as full time "grand-parents".  Happy with this scenario, young mothers continue their careers with the knowledge that it is not possible to have another child, maintaining and enhancing their consumptions of beauty and luxury products – a reward they receive for providing the family with a child to continue the family line.

As a result, emotive campaigns about the nurturing role of a mother are "out" in China.   Communications focussed on the mother as a modern role model to their children at an older age are "in" – this is when Chinese women tend to take on the role of mothering, a contrast to the West.

Also, the One Child Policy has created a gender imbalance – more boys and less girls due to traditional desire for a son. This has directly impacted the marriage market, meaning young women can be more picky and demanding in terms of their husband. 

As a result Chinese masculinity has taken a hit, creating male insecurities about how they present themselves. The result is the development of a massive male grooming category in China that has emerged in the last three to five years. Metro-sexualism is more than a passing trend in China: it has become a mode of survival for young men due to the scarcity of women.

Being an only child is a normal occurrence, but when an entire generation has grown up as only children this has a massive impact on society. Brands with ambitions in China must be conscious to address this dynamic.


Before commenting please read our rules for commenting on articles.

If you see a comment you find offensive, you can flag it as inappropriate. In the top right-hand corner of an individual comment, you will see 'flag as inappropriate'. Clicking this prompts us to review the comment. For further information see our rules for commenting on articles.

comments powered by Disqus
Brand Republic Jobs

subscribe now


John Lewis walks consumers through its history to celebrate 150 years of business
Waitrose boosts content strategy with 'Weekend Kitchen with Waitrose' C4 tie-up
Hottest virals: Cute puppies star in Pedigree ad, plus Idris Elba and Fruyo
Amnesty International burns candles to illuminate new hope
Toyota achieves the impossible by calming angry Roman drivers
Tom of Finland's 'homoerotic' drawings made into stamps
YouTube reveals user habits to appeal to 'older' marketers
Ex-M&S marketing chief Steven Sharp consulting at WPP
Wolff Olins reveals new CEO after Apple poaches Karl Heiselman
Glasgow offers £30,000 prize to best digital idea for 2014 Commonwealth Games
Google's revenues surge but shares drop as it grapples with transition to mobile
Facebook beats Twitter to most 'marketing friendly' social media site crown, says DMA
Fableists believe children like Finn should be outdoors enjoying life
Homebase, Baileys and Camelot join the line-up at Media360
MasterCard renews Rugby World Cup sponsorship to push cashless message
Lynx unleashes £9m 'Peace invasion' campaign
Social Brands 100 Youth: Pizza Hut most social youth brand in UK
Cheryl Cole is wild and arresting in new L'Oreal work
Morrisons told not to show alcohol ads during YouTube nursery rhymes
O2 head of brand Shadi Halliwell departs after 23 years at company in restructure
Tesco hit by further sales decline as it turns to digital Clubcard and social network
Branding guru Wally Olins dies aged 83
Duracell short film captures epic Transatlantic voyage
Ash runs Tinder experiment to show smokers are less desirable to opposite sex
British Airways teams up with Gerry Cottle Jnr for summer of rooftop film screenings
Arklu says 'girls can be superheroes too' with doll design competition
Coke enters squash market with Oasis Mighty Drops
Virgin Galactic signs up Land Rover as space flight sponsor
Motorola marketer Andrew Morley departs as Google gears up for sale to Lenovo
US Airways apologises after tweeting obscene image at a customer