Retailers and celebrities are the stand-out themes of this year's ad-recall tables. Marketing's Adwatch of the Year underlines the former's success in generating memorable ads, and the impact the inclusion of the latter can have.
These rankings, compiled from the 51 Adwatch tables that ran between 1 November 2006 and 31 October 2007, show which brands achieved the most recall across the year, and ads that scored highest in one particular week.
The table for recall across the year is monopolised by the country's big retailers, with PC World taking the number-one slot after shooting from nowhere into third place last year. Other high-street favourites jostling for attention include Marks & Spencer, Argos and Sainsbury's (marginally down from 2006) and B&Q and DFS (slightly up).
The most significant falls are British Gas, which has plummeted from number nine to 20, McDonald's, with a drop of eight places and only 13 mentions compared with 20 last year, and, perhaps surprisingly, last year's top-scorer Tesco, which is number five with only 18 mentions compared with last year's 32, on a slightly reduced TV budget.
A growing proportion of TV advertising seems to be reflecting the 21st-century obsession with celebrity. Famous faces are not just in the jungle, the Big Brother house and celebrity magazines - they are taking over the commercial break as well.
No fewer than half the top 10 brands use celebrities in their advertising. Indeed, celebrity endorsement seems almost a prerequisite for the big retailers. Ad breaks are currently filled by the Spice Girls for Tesco, Twiggy et al for Marks & Spencer, Julie Walters for Asda and Lulu for Morrisons, whose celebrity-driven 'fresh' ads have been a common sight in the Adwatch tables over recent months.
Malcolm Green, executive creative director of Morrisons' agency, DLKW, has used plenty of celebrity endorsement in the past. As well as co-creating the Walkers Gary Lineker campaign in 1995, at DLKW he 'created' a celebrity in the form of Halifax's Howard. 'The reason there are so many celebs in the ad break is down to the Sky+ factor; if people are fast-forwarding, you need something to stop them in their tracks, and a famous face can do that,' he says. 'But it's better to use the celebrity against type, as we did with Lineker; that ultimately has greater impact.'
Green believes agencies should be devising ways to expand celebrity ties. 'With Howard, we animated him, got him into The Office Christmas Special and even into Madame Tussauds. TV advertising is so expensive, you have to make every second count.'
Of course, celebrity pulling-power doesn't always work. Two years ago, Asda dumped Sharon Osbourne from its ads after concluding that, despite generating massive awareness, she was simply wrong for its target market and was failing to generate store traffic.
Andrew Edwards, group chief executive of Leo Burnett, which is behind the current ads for Oxfam Unwrapped featuring deadpan stars talking about the 'tragedy' of unwanted Christmas gifts, believes that the success of the work is largely due to casting. 'It's critical to find celebrities who connect with the audience and fit the brand,' he says. 'We chose a broad range of celebrities for Oxfam, which has a wide target market.'
Edwards adds: 'Having found the right celebrity to connect with your audience, you have to make sure that the connection is converted into sales. Every element of the marketing mix has to work together.'
The best-value TV advertising of the year, achieving high recall on a comparatively modest budget, came from KFC, Asda and PC World. The latter topped the league with a TV budget of just over £20m. PC World marketing director Niall O'Keefe believes the brand is reaping the benefits of 11 years' consistency with the same agency and 'brand clues' that characterise all the 30-plus commercials that it runs each year.
'Every ad has an establishing shot of the store doors opening, a standard in-store format, colleagues in well-branded purple shirts, tongue-in-cheek humour, a great product offer and the distinctive closing jingle,' he says. 'People always mention the swoosh of the doors at the beginning and the jingle at the end, and tracking studies show they definitely recall the offers.'
The ads feature a 15-strong 'roster' of actors playing PC World staff and, although generally aimed at a mass market, target specific audiences at different times of year with offers such as cameras in the summer and laptops at the start of the academic year.
The 'Best of both worlds' strapline (a development of the earlier 'Where in the world?' line) conveys the benefits of retail combined with the sort of prices normally found online. It also reflects the fact that a growing amount of PC World business is coming through the internet and call centres.
The retailer's triumph in the table - as with previous Adwatch of the Year success stories including BT, B&Q, Churchill and Halifax - shows the value of long-running, confident and heavyweight advertising, incorporating consistent visual and audio brand clues. The problem for PC World - as it was for its league-topping predecessors - will be how to maintain the freshness and relevance of the campaign without losing those memorable brand markers.
When it comes to generating high recall over a short time frame, however, it seems nothing beats naff. The table of highest recall in a single week reveals strong performances for Sheilas' Wheels, Iceland and Churchill, proving that a shelf-full of creative awards is not necessary to score a hit with the general public.
Only six brands in the one-off recall list feature in the table of recall across the whole year. Several of the best-recalled ads of the year (most notably eBay, Iceland and Sheilas' Wheels) have achieved sensational standout on relatively tiny budgets. And while neither the Churchill dog nor Iceland's Kerry Katona received great press in 2007, there is no question that they did the business for their advertising paymasters.
With regard to Sheilas' Wheels, the women's motor insurance brand owned by Esure, it might seem as if the Pink Sheilas have been on our screens forever, but there have been only six TV commercials since the brand was launched two years ago. The Sheilas' Wheels concept was devised by veteran freelance creatives Chris Wilkins and Sian Vickers, the husband-and-wife team who also created Direct Line's four-wheeled red phone and Esure's Mr Mouse and designed the classic Smash Martians in the 70s. Esure head of marketing Chris Bowden says that TV advertising has played a huge part in the brand's success.
'We took a risk, didn't worry about going over the top and pushed the whole thing to the max. Within just three months, the campaign was generating awareness figures of 75%,' he says. 'We went for a lurid pink theme and a really catchy tune. We wanted to ignore insurance category norms in favour of behaving like a female lifestyle brand, and our research shows that women find the resulting advertising empowering, not patronising.'
The top-scoring ad ran in May, starring 'ordinary' women who had won a competition to appear alongside the Sheilas. The competition was designed to reach a broader and slightly older market than the norm, and was one of several ways (such as TV sponsorship and tying up with pop mogul Pete Waterman to release a single by The Sheilas) that Esure maximised the campaign's reach.
DLKW's Green believes that the strong brand assets of advertisers such as Sheilas' Wheels and Churchill account for their cut-through. 'TV has to reach your eyes, your ears, your heart and your brain - and if you can appeal to all those senses in harmony, then you are on the way to creating something memorable,' he says. 'You have to think about everything, from the dialogue to the colour palette to the sound mix.'
Several of this year's best-recalled ads are also strong contenders for the run-down of most irritating ads that Marketing will be publishing in January. It is, of course, possible for an ad to get noticed without the cringe factor, but Esure's Bowden is unrepentant: 'If some people don't hate your advertising, you'll never get noticed,' he says.
HIGHEST RECALL ACROSS THE YEAR
07 06 Brand Agency/TV buyer Points Ment- TV Total
ions spend adspend
1 (3) PC World M&C Saatchi/ 480 27 20.56 38.11
2 (6) Asda Fallon London, 472 27 18.09 45.20
3 (2) Marks & RKCR Y&R/ 417 27 37.02 65.26
Spencer Walker Media
4 (-) Kellogg Leo Burnett, 276 21 60.77 72.53
Cheetham Bell 276 21 60.77 72.53
5 (1) Tesco The Red Brick 256 18 35.90 80.43
6 (5) Argos CHI & Partners/ 249 19 24.68 53.46
7 (8) B&Q JWT London/ 208 20 25.80 7.49
8 (-) L'Oreal McCann Erickson/ 205 19 50.26 83.11
9 (10) DFS Uber + RAP/ 202 11 35.66 99.73
10 (7) Sainsbury's Abbott Mead 193 18 26.06 63.65
11 (-) KFC Bartle Bogle 189 14 13.23 21.70
12 (4) McDonald's Leo Burnett/ 177 13 17.76 33.48
13 (-) Danone RKCR Y&R/ 161 12 24.87 28.48
14 (-) Currys M&C Saatchi/ 140 18 16.36 40.66
15 (-) MFI M&C Saatchi/ 122 11 13.32 25.03
16 (-) Boots Mother/ 110 14 19.92 46.94
17 (-) Land of The Walker Agency/ 103 14 13.45 23.07
18 (-) Woolworths Bartle Bogle 97 8 10.81 20.18
19 (-) Homebase Abbott Mead Vickers 93 18 22.51 32.32
20 (9) British CHI & Partners/Carat 88 7 11.70 34.13
NOTE: See methodology box for details of how the table was compiled.
*Nielsen Media Research data for the period Nov 2006-Oct 2007
BEST RECALL IN ANY SINGLE WEEK
07 06 Brand Agency/TV buyer Score (% Issue TV Total
recall) date spend adspend
1 (-) Sheilas' In-house/Carat 78 27.06.07 5.07 7.84
The three Sheilas are joined by 'ordinary' women singing about 'bonzer
car insurance deals' (30")
2 (4=) Iceland Tom Reddy 76 20.12.06 7.03 8.17
Kerry Katona presents various 'roast from frozen' Christmas joints (30")
3= (1) Churchill WCRS/MediaCom 75 16.05.07 15.80 26.71
i. People flood onto the streets to 'challenge Churchill' on home
ii. People tell how they saved money on car insurance by 'challenging
3= (8=) DFS Uber/Brilliant 75 24.01.07 35.66 99.73
Clips of families and couples, accompanied by musical backing of Let It
Snow, promoting winter sale (30")
3= (-) PC World M&C Saatchi/ 75 17.01.07 20.56 38.11
Sales assistant presents offers on various accessories as Christmas
present ideas (30")
6= (-) Asda Fallon London/ 72 22.08.07 18.09 45.20
Lisa Tarbuck helps out on the checkout at Asda, just voted Britain's
lowest-price supermarket (30")
6= (-) eBay DLKW/PHD 72 14.03.07 6.04 25.55
Animated coloured characters discuss what is in the loft and how it
could be used (20")
8 (-) Woolworths Bartle Bogle 71 15.11.06 10.81 20.18
Worth the dog and Wooly the sheep unveil the new catalogue (40")
9= (2=) Sainsbury's Abbott Mead 70 07.03.07 26.06 63.65
Jamie Oliver presents a two-for-two offer on Comic Relief red noses
9= (-) Marks & RKCR Y&R/ 70 06.12.06 37.02 65.26
Spencer Walker Media 07.02.07
i. Images of M&S mulled wine, lamb and pine nuts and plum sponge (40")
ii. M&S 'healthy food', with clips of meals being prepared (40")
9= (-) Weetabix WCRS/Walker Media 70 01.11.06 11.36 13.80
The ad shows a week of various Weetabix toppings, including berries,
honey and yoghurt (30")
*Nielsen Media Research data for the period Nov 2006-Oct 2007
Top 10 by Adwatch mentions
Agency Mentions Av recall*
1 AMV BBDO 83 42%
2 M&C Saatchi 74 48%
3 JWT London 63 44%
4 Bartle Bogle Hegarty 53 43%
5 RKCR/Y&R 52 51%
6 McCann Erickson 49 40%
7 Leo Burnett 41 43%
8= Fallon London 36 52%
8= WCRS 36 49%
10 Mother 34 43%
*Average recall per mention in Adwatch
Top 10 by Adwatch mentions
Agency Number of
1 MindShare 152
2 Carat 112
3 ZenithOptimedia 110
4 MediaCom 99
5 Walker Media 97
6 OMD UK 96
7 Starcom 72
8 Mediavest 55
9 Initiative 47
10 Mediaedge:cia 41
Adwatch is the UK's leading monitor of the memorability of TV advertising. The weekly Adwatch system was established more than 20 years ago to monitor the saliency of television advertising. Because Marketing wanted to avoid simply registering 'morning after' recall, it decided to research commercials a few weeks after they first go on air.
How it works
Xtreme Information draws up a list of all new commercials that broke in a particular week (about a month before the research takes place).
- Mediaedge:cia works out the TV ratings of all the commercials on the list.
- Any commercials that have had enough exposure (usually about 40 spots a week) are then sent to TNS and researched online among 1000 16- to 64-year-olds in Great Britain who read a brief description of each ad before confirming whether or not they have seen it.
- Marketing puts the information in tabular form and prints the top 20.
The Adwatch of the Year table scores a brand's total mentions across the year ranked by a value-added point score. Every number-one position during the year scored 20 points, a number-two position 19, a number-three 18, down to a score of one point for a number-20 mention. These points are then added up to give an annual score.
Go to brandrepublic.com to see the five most-recalled ads of the year and read five online-only reviews:
- Sheilas' Wheels by James Miller, head of international planning at Abbott Mead Vickers BBDO
- Iceland by Richard Storey, chief strategy officer at M&C Saatchi
- Churchill by Russell Ramsey, executive creative director at JWT
- DFS by Rachel Hatton, head of planning at Bartle Bogle Hegarty
- PC World by Ben Kay, head of planning at RKCR/Y&R.