Special Report - Market Research: The numbers game

Corsodyl: Campaign for Healthy Gums
Corsodyl: Campaign for Healthy Gums

A killer statistic provides a compelling hook for a campaign but, with detailed data now available online, marketers must ensure the workings behind their claims are robust.

Eight out of ten cat owners once said their pet feline preferred to eat Whiskas. It remains a mystery how this feedback was obtained from the animals in question, but the statistic has become one of the most famous advertising slogans in the UK.

This campaign also demonstrates the power of using research in advertising. This can also be seen in the latest ads for GSK's mouthwash brand Corsodyl, which uses bold headlines such as '79% of over 35 year olds suffer from gum disease' as part of its 'Campaign for Healthy Gums' activity.

This is an arresting statistic. However, marketers planning to use such information in their advertising and PR need to be careful; consumers can go through data with a fine-toothed comb and decide for themselves whether it stands up.

There is also the risk of information fatigue. Journalists receive so much research from brands - most of it self-serving - that the headline findings must have immediate cut-through in order to receive coverage. This need to be noticed by journalists encourages exaggeration of the findings.

Mark Hodson, founding partner at Opinium Research, says: 'So much research is done to give a business a competitive advantage, but you have to be very careful because people are much better at seeing through numbers now.'

Dangerous claims

Auction website eBay fell foul of the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) last year following an ad that claimed its prices were '25% cheaper than the high street on brand new items'. The claim was based on independent research on the average price of 288 products, with recent eBay transactions compared with prices in mainstream retail stores, such as Debenhams and John Lewis.

The ASA banned the ad on the grounds that it was misleading because the average figure might disguise the fact that one high-street store was regularly cheaper than eBay.

Lucy Davison, managing director of PR agency Keen as Mustard, and a former global marketing director at Research International, handles PR for market research agencies. She suggests that campaigns must be carefully planned before research is commissioned. However, this must not come at the expense of being fair and representative.

'You can't necessarily guarantee that you will prove something,' she says. 'You go in with a hypothesis. If you ask the right people, you will get the right result, but that could be misleading. If you ask a stupid question, you get a stupid answer.'

Davison warns against using 'easy-to-do' online research tools, such as Survey Monkey, for high-profile campaigns. She adds: 'You can actually get the research done quickly, but in reality you have to be prepared to do the work.'

At a stretch

Kate Thompson, partner and head of B2B Research at agency McCallum Layton, suggests the biggest danger when injecting statistics directly into campaigns is over-stretching. She cites a piece of research that gauged London businesses' view of the recession. 'There was a temptation to stretch those findings and to comment on them from a wider perspective, but that wouldn't have been right because it was only the London view,' she adds.

Even if a brand's research is robust and compelling, it still needs to be presented in a way that is easy to digest. Nothing is more likely to put someone off than a confusing graph or long list of numbers. Hodson says that consumers are becoming more numerate but simplicity is still order of the day.

'You communicate best when you use a graphic rather than a load of figures,' he adds. 'When you can turn a number into a memorable phrase, that is the secret.'

However, research does not always deliver, especially when it misses the point of the brand in question. Hodson recalls the studies that preceded the launch of the first Sony Walkman, which, he says, concluded that there was no point in having a tape player that could not record, had no speakers and so required the use of headphones.

'Clearly, the research started too close to the physical concept,' he says. 'It didn't establish the need and solution, which the device could offer.'

The final word on the subject goes to comedian Vic Reeves, who famously said '88.2% of statistics are made up on the spot' - an insight subsequently used in an ad campaign for Guinness.

While Reeves' tongue was firmly planted in his cheek, the sentiment prevails; there is a lot of cynicism around research, so do not misrepresent the statistics.

How to use research in a campaign

DO plan ahead - get research done long before the campaign is due to break, so there is time to react if it comes up with unexpected findings.

DO accentuate the important findings - the statistics that will stop people in their tracks.

DO use research to add weight to existing communications and established truths.

DON'T try to support a statement that is ultimately untrue.

DON'T twist the statistics.

DON'T use obvious, self-serving statements; for example 'soft drinks are good for your child'.

Discussion

Before commenting please read our rules for commenting on articles.

If you see a comment you find offensive, you can flag it as inappropriate. In the top right-hand corner of an individual comment, you will see 'flag as inappropriate'. Clicking this prompts us to review the comment. For further information see our rules for commenting on articles.

comments powered by Disqus
Brand Republic Jobs

subscribe now

Latest

Tesco hit by further sales decline as it turns to digital Clubcard and social network
Branding guru Wally Olins dies aged 83
Duracell short film captures epic Transatlantic voyage
Ash runs Tinder experiment to show smokers are less desirable to opposite sex
British Airways teams up with Gerry Cottle Jnr for summer of rooftop film screenings
Arklu says 'girls can be superheroes too' with doll design competition
Coke enters squash market with Oasis Mighty Drops
Virgin Galactic signs up Land Rover as space flight sponsor
Motorola marketer Andrew Morley departs as Google gears up for sale to Lenovo
US Airways apologises after tweeting obscene image at a customer
Mumsnet admits users' emails and passwords accessed via Heartbleed bug
Thetrainline.com backs 'rubbish' mobile app with TV ad
Powerade launches global World Cup campaign
Burberry's flagship Shanghai store facade responds to weather changes
Subway considers taking fast food to fast lane with F1 sponsorship
Ikea splurges 'grey' Belgium with colour
Grim outlook for Tesco boss Philip Clarke ahead of expected profits fall
Thomson to create first crowd-sourced wedding decided by Facebook fans
Currency wars meets origami in Alpari FX trading ad campaign
Amazon rumoured to launch 3D smartphone in September
Facebook to allow European users to store and transfer money on site, claims report
Unilever pilots multi-brand advertising with YouTube beauty channel
Lego, Coca-Cola, Net-a-Porter, Bitcoin and AOL: the digitally creative brands
Dove tries to tell women their beauty is innate through placebo patches
Wonga faces social media storm after forcing Twitter to remove satirical material
Spotify tells the stories of relationships with music
Skype contrasts real stories with 'saccharine' style of Google and Apple
Top 100 UK advertisers: BSkyB increases lead as P&G, BT and Unilever reduce adspend
Viral Review: One Direction perfume 'prankvert' should have been a bigger hit
German beer brand Warsteiner tells drinkers to 'do it right'